Zhuge Liang Analysis

Zhuge Liang Analysis
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Zhuge Liang Analysis
The three kingdoms were an exemplary division of China that led to the understanding of
the social economic and political structure of the Chinese people. The Han historical dynasty
dates back to a time when kings never headed the three states but emperors who amassed great
wealth and honor during their rulership (Luo & Roberts, 2004). Therefore, the most crucial
aspect of the three kingdoms was not the emperors. Sinologists argue that various characters
shaped the existence of the kingdoms. One most important character is Zhuge Liang (Kongming)
who many people remember for most of the unique abilities (De, 2008). A feel of the Chinese
cultural beliefs remains embedded in the character, coupled with his appreciation of intricate
duties such as politics and historical creatures. This character colonized the Chinese historical
past, and it is why the three kingdoms remain in memory in his absence. The character analysis
exposes the most vital details about him, as a diplomat, regent and a believer in the Confucian
and Tao beliefs. Further, it advances his background as having influenced his later life as a
staunch believer in the Chinese history and religion. Also, the paper looks at his personality
concerning his political life in a bid to expose his relationships with others and the guiding
principles that influenced his beliefs. The great Chinese respect for nature also remains exhibited
by this character. They include the patterns of weather but most importantly their influence in the
overall life of every Chinese as concens their advancement among other nations (De, 2008).
Therefore, Zhuge Liang emerges first as a Daoist figure and then as an ideal politician who
helped in shaping the prospects of the Chinese.
Background Analysis
Zhuge Liang was also famous as a Kongming and people considered him as one of the
most accomplished and most eared strategists in the Chinese history. In the turbulent era of the
three kingdoms, his character came in handy in the solving of problems through exemplary
advice and solutions and his impeccable mastery of the Daoism and sometimes with a lace of
Confucianism. For this reason, Liang was known as a patron of the martial arts and a respected
believer in philosophy (De, 2008). People nicknamed him the hidden dragon or sleeping dragon
because of his unpredictability and nature of hiding away from the populations of normal
Chinese leaders. They also considered Liang as one of the most popular statesmen despite his
desire to maintain a low profile. It, thus, exposed him to the public administration, rising to the
ranks of a regent. Even in his time, a word about his exemplary skills, character and
philosophical beliefs spread through word of mouth. Leadership is one of the attributes that
determined the success of a nation. Looking back at the story of the three kingdoms, it is evident
that had they lacked exemplary leadership qualities and advice, they would not have stood the
test of time. It is also attributable to Kongming, a leader of many traits. Liang emphasized
strategic leadership and politics that catered on the needs of the Chinese. This character advised
on the need or analysis of options to develop the best approach that suited the means and
capabilities of the kingdoms. When Liu Bei listened to him, the Han dynasty became the last
surviving of the three (Luo & Roberts, 2004). Therefore, it is evident that the character of
Kongming was not only founded on the beliefs of Daoism but also the mingling with
Confucianism ideals (De, 2008). Kongming, thus, enshrined his beliefs within the philosophical
and religious beliefs, brought pride and glory to the Han dynasty and people remember him as a
great and ideal political leader. These aspects made him respectable among his people and thus a
political figure that influenced the politics and decisions of the Han dynasty.
Daoism and Religion
Daoism refers to one of the central philosophies of the Chinese. The life of Zhuge Liang
reveals many Daoism beliefs. It depicts the search of meaning in a lie in a bid to finds
consolation for the natural happenings such as life itself. It primarily hinges on the desire to find
inner peace and harmony with oneself to achieve happiness. They regard it as a religion that
covers the soul and spiritual state of an individual. Zhuge's background draws back to the
reasons for the beliefs in Daoism. Kongming grew with his brothers Zhang Jun and Zhang Jin
whose great skills in the military made him to become a devoted political leader. Throughout his
early life, Kongming prided himself of the idea of obtaining self-psychological balance
throughout is conquests on behalf of the Han dynasty (De, 2008). It was among the principles of
Daoism that called on individuals to understand themselves on the precincts of psychology, that
they could solve the challenges that life presented. His Daoist beliefs were strong and Liang
always wore the priestly Tao robe to signify his reverence for the philosophical beliefs.
Moreover, as a philosophical and religious idea, Kongming enshrined his life on these
confines to deal with the praise and honor that the people poured on him. One can argue that
Kongming's life in the Han dynasty pointed towards action yet political inaction in a mystical
manner to stay in line with the universal order and the natural pursuit of human integrity. At first,
Liang thrived in the shadows of his brothers because his integrity beliefs did not allow glory and
praise to elate him. Liang had hoped to stay in his line of duty to make the Han dynasty one of
the best in the three kingdoms. Kongming was a man of mystery following his preference to stay
anonymous and most people during his time had not fully comprehended his appearance (De,
2008). As a young man fighting to maintain the prospects of the dynasty, Liang gave himself to
esoteric rituals of spiritual refinement all to maintain his pure state of mind and spirit. One of the
great leaders still water reiterated that among the men who had given up themselves to the
Daoism, only Kongming had devoted himself fully to the to the doctrines. It speaks volumes
about this character. His charismatic nature did not stop him from pursuing the spiritual Taoism
belief. It was known all over that this was his overall guiding principle and thus he gained more
respect among the men of his time. One of the features of Daoism is that is the universal origin
of the universe and the law on which men should get their sense of direction and mystical
understanding of rationality. It was the guiding principle of Kongming, and as his praise rents
across the air. Nonetheless, Liang maintained a rather rational spirit in his life (De, 2008). At one
time, people likened his character to those of Guan Zhan and Yue Yi, Chinese men who were
great believers of the philosophy of the soul.
Pride of the Han Dynasty
Kongming brought pride and glory to the Han dynasty. There was a saying that stars
filled the sky of the Han dynasty, which symbolized great leaders. They praised Kongming as
one of the stars around the Han dynasty, and there was no man with great integrity and personal
respect for him. The high and mighty filled their lips with his praise because for many years his
great advice, coupled with the diplomatic and Daoism beliefs, made him to bring glory to the
Chinese (De, 2008). Liang was thus a man of great realms and some compared him to Jiang Ziya
who had helped in the founding of the 800-year Zhou dynasty. At one time, songs were
composed in praise of Kongming,
The sky's curving fault of the blue,
Level earth a chessboard,
Where men their black and white divide,
Disgrace or glory to decide,
For winners, peace, and comfort,
For the losers tiring soul,
In Nanyang, someone lies secluded,
Securely Sleeping Stay a Bed
Liang was also unpredictable. When people visited him, this person was seldom there
perhaps on a journey to rejuvenation. According to the Laozi, the primary source of Daoism now
referred to as Taoism, and Tao is the way that guides all questions and pursuits (De, 2008). They
deem it as the supra-rational character that makes men revered with great intellectual skills of
leadership. It also underscores that Tao is superior to reason and this could explain why
Kongming's lie was different and why people regarded him as a man whose character exceeded
the natural realms. Although strange, Kongming mastered the Tao knowledge and used it in the
passing of most of its judgments and decisions. According to him, knowledge is distinguisher of
things, and it enabled him to exercise rationality and reluctance when it came to certain aspects
of life. His visions were thus clear, Liang saw the vibrancy of ideas and thoughts, and this gave
him an upper hand when it came to the understanding of the dynasty, its people and its politics.
For instance, where there was good, Liang saw that there were aspects that needed change, where
there was beauty, some aspects of ugliness that needed rectification (De, 2008). Therefore, his
rationality enabled him to understand various nuances that people did not see. For this reason,
Liang depended on the physical word or most of his ideals and perception of life.
Ideal Politics and Confucianism
People remember Kongming as a great and ideal political leader. However, it points back
to his beliefs in the Dao. When the empire was often in shambles and lack of allegiance, they
sought after Liang for guidance (De, 2008). However, the life of Kongming was also laced with
some beliefs on Confucianism that concerned social matters. It enabled him to exercise his
political ideas in the life of its people. Liang established social characteristics that helped him to
understand their needs regarding empire rulership and war conquests. Although self-avowed
legalist, Liang believed that the social dimension of life was equally crucial in the advancement
of his ideals as a man but most importantly as a leader of his people. This person thus attached
great importance and value on the social dimensions of the Han dynasty and later rising to the
top ranks of eldership due to this reason. One major thing about him is the refusal to indulge in
local elites but rather adopted a rather strict, fair and precise ways of governance. In fact, to
enhance his Confucianism, Liang developed close relations with the members of the literati who
further sharpened his skills. The Confucian beliefs enabled him to solve some of the most
difficult conflicts. For instance, in the conflict between Sun Quan and Cao Cao, he proposed two
incredible solutions for the sake of peace and prosperity of the two warring sides. Liang oared
the solutions of attacking earlier if sun Quan was sure of defeat or surrendering if his army was
deficient. The leaders on sun Quan side agreed with this great advice, and after a series of
analysis of options, it was deliberated that the two were to become allies to prepare for the
upcoming war. It is therefore evident that the life of Kongming was marred by a series of
successful and hard decisions that had to be made for the sake of harmony (De, 2008). These,
therefore, spread his name among many other regions and Liang became a respectable leader of
the Chinese Han dynasty. Due to this scenario, he was later appointed an advisor and personal
officer in the office of the general to assist as a logistics officer and an advisor in times of need.
Also, Kongming was intelligent with an undisputed character. It can be attributed to the
manner in which his Confucian belies married well with the Daoism philosophy thus producing
an overall respected man of integrity and influence. However, despite the respect for the Tao, his
knowledge base is traced back to science and the arts that enabled him to coin various
perceptions of challenges in the era of the three dynasties. Through his own processes of
learning, research and self-teaching, he was able to add onto what he had already known from
Tao. Therefore, Liang had diverse skills that made him traverse the ranks of respect in leadership
and politics (De, 2008). As an ideal politician, Liang pushed for law enforcement activities
through the adoption of strict disciplinary measures. Liang also sought to engineer rewards and
punishment because his character compelled him to seek justice and good deeds all the time.
This person hoped for an apolitical government that would avoid bad influence and rather sticks
to the Confucian beliefs of effective development of agriculture and handicraft thereby
increasing the power and resilience of the kingdoms. Liang was also sincere and believed in the
need to develop a quality relationship among his subjects but also with the leaders of the
kingdom. It is why he was referred to as ideal because unlike most politicians of his time, and he
wanted to create an environment for equity and respect for philosophy. Liang detested
opportunistic relationships with people and therefore maintained a low profile throughout his
life. Liang admonished his people to maintain the characters of self-cultivation and devotion to
the call of duty in any leadership rank (De, 2008). These qualities and achievements, therefore,
made him one of the great leaders of the Chinese through wisdom and intelligence.
Zhuge Liang, also known as Kongming, is depicted first a staunch Daoist figure and then
as an ideal politician who helped in shaping the prospects of the early dynasty of China, the Han
dynasty. Thus, with the military foundation of Kongming, Liang was able to draw various
understandings of the people and kingdoms around him. Liang developed love and reverence for
the Taoism philosophy with a lace of Confucianism. One would think that his clash of
philosophical beliefs would render him confused, but instead, he turned at as an intelligent, self-
cultivated individual with respect for social aspects of life. Taoism enabled him to understand
himself, his spiritual needs and the meaning of life while Confucianism exposed him to social
matters. Also, Confucianism made him one of the ideal politicians of his time continually
championing or social change and adherence to social beliefs like equity and constructive
Furthermore, with religious overtones to both philosophies, Kongming believed in se
preservation of character and integrity, and this made him amass greatness all over China. The
beliefs served as guides in his life, through decision-making processes and in the leading of his
people. Also, his determination to become a scholar made him to embark on self-teaching o both
science and the arts. These later made him a great scholar and intelligent man. The life of Zhuge
was, therefore, a mirror through which the Han dynasty could see its prospects. It made Liu Bei
to trust the decisions of the dynasty with Kongming being that he had previously guided other
successful advances. Overall, Zhuge Liang (Kongming) was of great character because of his
beliefs in Taoism. They, therefore, remember him as a great Daoist figure and an ideal politician
of the Chinese Han dynasty.
De, B. W. T. (2008). Sources of East Asian tradition: 1. New York: Columbia University Press.
Luo, G., & Roberts, M. (2004). Three kingdoms: A historical novel, complete and unabridged.
Berkeley: University of California Press.

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