Zika Virus

Running Head: NURSING 1
Assignment: The Zika Virus
The Zika virus is a flu-like infection conveyed by mosquito bites and sex that can
generate severe birth deformities. It has quickly spread around the world since the first outbreak
in South America; Brazil and then through Latin America, eventually reaching Florida in the
United States. Since the virus result in birth defects such as Microcephaly, the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has in recent times posted travel alerts. This includes
information for individuals such as pregnant females to be aware of areas where Zika is
effective: Miami-Dade County, as well as 59 countries or territories in the Americas, the Pacific
Islands, Africa, and Asia (Aziz et al., 2017). The number of people who are known to be
contaminated with Zika virus from the local mosquitoes within Florida is about 180. This is in
accordance with the state's department of health, which believes the local spread is limited to
certain areas in Miami-Dade County.
Signs and Symptoms of the Zika Virus
The time between exposure up to the symptoms (incubation period) is not often clear,
but it may vary in different individuals. The symptoms are often similar to other Arbovirus
infections such as Dengue, and may include skin rashes, fever, conjunctivitis, tissue and joint
pain, discomfort and a constant headache. These symptoms are however moderate and last for
two to seven days (Wiley & Chimelli, 2017).
Complications Associated with Zika Virus disease
Based on a well-organized survey of the research up to 30th May 2016, WHO has come
up with a conclusion that Zika virus contagion during pregnancy is a primary cause of congenital
intellectual abnormalities which may include Microcephaly. In addition, Zika virus is a
fundamental cause of paralysis also called Guillain-Barré Syndrome. Intensive efforts have been
in a constant investigation of the link between the Zika virus and a range of neurological
disorders, within a rigorous research framework (Batista, 2017).
Zika Virus is conveyed by bites from mosquito and sexual intercourse with an infected
person. Zika is a virus correlated to the West Nile, yellow fever, and dengue viruses that are
passed on essentially by the bite of an infected mosquito. A person who has been bitten by a
mosquito that has the virus then becomes Viremia. They get bitten by another mosquito, which
then passes the virus along. The Zika virus can also be sexually carried. Men infected with Zika
have passed it on to both female and male partners. Guidelines prescribe that pregnant women
coming back from areas where Zika is active get tested for the virus, and those men who have a
pregnant partner Symptoms of Zika virus infection are usually Moderate (Aziz et al., 2017).
According to the WHO statistics, about eighty percent of people who become infected never
experience any traits. In those who do, the most popular Zika virus symptoms are fever and rash;
it can also cause muscle and joint pain, and headache, Etc. Rare complications can include
internal bleeding, which is known to have caused the first U.S. Zika-related death. In the current
epidemic, nine deaths have been caused by the Zika virus and in one case, the virus was passed
on to a caregiver (Batista, 2017).
Zika began in Africa and spread rapidly to other parts of the world. The virus, initially
named ZIKV, was first detected in 1947 in a rhesus macaque in the Zika forest in Uganda.
Researchers discovered that it lived within mosquitoes, and they determined through
experimentation that it could furthermore infect mice. Between 1951 to 1981, outbreaks were
reported throughout Africa and Asia. Although the first cases were discovered in Latin America
in 2014, the virus has quickly spread in many parts of the world in the recent times (Nilika &
Kamboj, 2016). In December 2015, the Pan American Health Organization/World Health
Organization recommended Latin American countries start preparing for the screening looking
for rt777Zika and prepare for demands on the healthcare systems due to the severe health
problems it was causing (Aziz et al., 2017).
Currently, Zika has reached Florida's Mosquitoes with CDC noting that there were about
180 cases of locally-transmitted Zika infection. U.S. Travelers bring Zika back with them. The
first travel-associated Zika virus disease case among U.S. travelers was reported in 2007. To this
day, the CDC has reported 3,951 travelers infected with Zika in U.S. States, and 28,627 local
cases in U.S territories (Nilika & Kamboj, 2016). It is not factual to conclude that travelers bring
back the mosquitoes. As adults, mosquitoes are a fragile insect that doesn’t travel very well.
Since only a few of the total mosquito population in Zika-endemic areas carries the virus, it’s
even harder for a mosquito to be brought back alive.
Controlling the Zika Virus
Using insect repellents assists in controlling Zika. If you're in regions with an existing
Zika outbreak, take necessary steps to avoid contracting the virus. The best way to avoid
mosquito bites is to use a repellent containing Icariin. It is also advisable for one to check which
products are most effective. Whenever possible, it also makes sense to wear long sleeves and
pants when outside. Mosquito control can help prevent Zika (Wiley & Chimelli, 2017).
Controlling the insect by cutting down on mosquito breeding sites is one way to prevent the
spread of Zika and other mosquito-transmitted viruses. Breeding sites include wet habitats like
plant containers and toilets inside homes, puddles and birdbaths. Chemicals such as
Chlorpyrifos, Deltamethrin, Etofenprox and Naled can also play a very crucial role in controlling
the spread of mosquitoes and hence the Zika Virus.
Nilika, N., & Kamboj, G. (2016). Tiger mosquito poses a new threat: the Zika Virus. Scholars
Journal Of Applied Medical Sciences, 4(7), 2478-2479.
Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.21276/sjams.2016.4.7.35
Wiley, C., & Chimelli, L. (2017). Human Zika and West Nile virus neurological infections: What
is the difference?. Neuropathology, 37(5), 393-397.
Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/1
Aziz, H., Zia, A., Anwer (2017). Zika virus: Global health challenge, threat and current
situation. Journal Of Medical Virology, 89(6), 943-951.
Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.24731
Batista, G. (2017). Congenital Infection by Zika Virus: Assessing and monitoring
infants. Residência Pediátrica, 7(1), 43-44.
Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.25060/residpediatr-2017.v7n1-11
Joob, B., & Wiwanitkit, V. (2017). Human Zika and West Nile virus neurological
infections. Neuropathology, 37(5), 482-482.
Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/neup.12400

Place new order. It's free, fast and safe

550 words

Our customers say

Customer Avatar
Jeff Curtis
USA, Student

"I'm fully satisfied with the essay I've just received. When I read it, I felt like it was exactly what I wanted to say, but couldn’t find the necessary words. Thank you!"

Customer Avatar
Ian McGregor
UK, Student

"I don’t know what I would do without your assistance! With your help, I met my deadline just in time and the work was very professional. I will be back in several days with another assignment!"

Customer Avatar
Shannon Williams
Canada, Student

"It was the perfect experience! I enjoyed working with my writer, he delivered my work on time and followed all the guidelines about the referencing and contents."

  • 5-paragraph Essay
  • Admission Essay
  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Argumentative Essay
  • Article Review
  • Assignment
  • Biography
  • Book/Movie Review
  • Business Plan
  • Case Study
  • Cause and Effect Essay
  • Classification Essay
  • Comparison Essay
  • Coursework
  • Creative Writing
  • Critical Thinking/Review
  • Deductive Essay
  • Definition Essay
  • Essay (Any Type)
  • Exploratory Essay
  • Expository Essay
  • Informal Essay
  • Literature Essay
  • Multiple Choice Question
  • Narrative Essay
  • Personal Essay
  • Persuasive Essay
  • Powerpoint Presentation
  • Reflective Writing
  • Research Essay
  • Response Essay
  • Scholarship Essay
  • Term Paper
We use cookies to provide you with the best possible experience. By using this website you are accepting the use of cookies mentioned in our Privacy Policy.