fundamental cause of paralysis also called Guillain-Barré Syndrome. Intensive efforts have been
in a constant investigation of the link between the Zika virus and a range of neurological
disorders, within a rigorous research framework (Batista, 2017).
Zika Virus is conveyed by bites from mosquito and sexual intercourse with an infected
person. Zika is a virus correlated to the West Nile, yellow fever, and dengue viruses that are
passed on essentially by the bite of an infected mosquito. A person who has been bitten by a
mosquito that has the virus then becomes Viremia. They get bitten by another mosquito, which
then passes the virus along. The Zika virus can also be sexually carried. Men infected with Zika
have passed it on to both female and male partners. Guidelines prescribe that pregnant women
coming back from areas where Zika is active get tested for the virus, and those men who have a
pregnant partner Symptoms of Zika virus infection are usually Moderate (Aziz et al., 2017).
According to the WHO statistics, about eighty percent of people who become infected never
experience any traits. In those who do, the most popular Zika virus symptoms are fever and rash;
it can also cause muscle and joint pain, and headache, Etc. Rare complications can include
internal bleeding, which is known to have caused the first U.S. Zika-related death. In the current
epidemic, nine deaths have been caused by the Zika virus and in one case, the virus was passed
on to a caregiver (Batista, 2017).
Zika began in Africa and spread rapidly to other parts of the world. The virus, initially
named ZIKV, was first detected in 1947 in a rhesus macaque in the Zika forest in Uganda.
Researchers discovered that it lived within mosquitoes, and they determined through
experimentation that it could furthermore infect mice. Between 1951 to 1981, outbreaks were
reported throughout Africa and Asia. Although the first cases were discovered in Latin America
in 2014, the virus has quickly spread in many parts of the world in the recent times (Nilika &